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Wednesday, December 17, 2003

The Stryker Brigade is "Official"

In 2007 Hawaii should expect to see those 20-ton stryker vehicles, and comanche helicopters in 2009 according to the December 16, 2003 issue of the Honolulu Advertiser. What does this mean to Hawaiians? $693 million will be used on about 30 projects (Lum) of which I don't know where this money is coming from. In addition to this, the Advertiser states 1,400 acres will be purchased on O'ahu, and 23,000 acres will be purchased on Hawaii. We are losing our land. Here is a quote taken from James Tollefson, president of the Chamber of Commerce of Hawaii, as written in the December 16, 2003 issue of the Honolulu Star-Bulletin: "Obviously, this reinforces the importance of Hawaii as a forward base in the Pacific. It will help the U.S. respond quickly to military aggression."

Kakesako, K. Gregg. "Abercrombie Confirms Stryker Unit Coming to Isles." The Honolulu Star Bulletin. 16 Dec. 2003. http://starbulletin.com/2003/12/16/news/story1.html

Lum, Curtis. "Stryker Brigade Is Approved For Hawai'i." The Honolulu Advertiser. 16 Dec. 2003. http://the.honoluluadvertiser.com/article/2003/Dec/16/ln/ln01a.html

Friday, December 12, 2003

The Media

The media is constantly bombarding us with its statements to "buy this," "wear this," or "don't do that." Additionally, the media is hesitant to include any truth from reporters or news broadcasts. Instead of the government and advertisers presenting the public with information to base their own decision on, we are told what to do through images and specifically, lies. A lie is not only limited to the false messages advertisers give but it also includes the information that is withheld. President Bush made claims that uranium was being moved from Africa for Saddam's weapon campaign. The CIA couldn't even support this statement (National Review). On one episode of 60 Minutes, David Albright states those in charge were "selectively picking information to bolster a case that the Iraqi nuclear threat was more imminent than it is" (MacArthur). The press shuts out certain types of lies, while embracing others, to keep it's reputation intact (Greengerg). Finally, the government has even lied to itself. In 1986 when the space shuttle Challenger exploded after take-off, NASA denied accusations of knowing ahead of time the outcome if launched when in fact Roger Boisjoly, an engineer at Morton Thiokol, Inc., along with others that he worked with specifically advised not to launch (Moyers). Therefore, if the government is so readily able to lie amongst themselves, then the public is in no exception of staying out of harms way.


Annotated Bibliography

"Bad Science." EBSCO. 2001. 30 Nov. 2003.
http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?
an=5430960&db=aph


This article from Skeptic provides a startling account of the moon landing. It points out the false accusations made by FOX's broadcasting of "Conspiracy Theory: Did We Land on the Moon?" This argument is to the point, listing claimed proofs of various hoaxes while providing answers stating otherwise. "Bad Science" not only offers reasons and explanations about the inaccuracy of the proofs made, but also includes links to see the prototypes, photos, and information of the Lunar Excursion Module. For example, this piece argues that the reason the flag moved on the moon, when there is no air present, was due to the astronauts putting the flag in the ground, also a pole was constructed at the top of the flag to produce a clean affect for the viewers. This is a great piece of work to use for a topic on public's awareness of political accomplishments because it gives a precise report on both sides of the moon landing: whether we landed or not.


Crossen, Cynthia. Tainted Truth: The Manipulation of Fact in America. New
York: Simon and Schuster, 1994.

Crossen's book, Tainted Truth, provides various examples of surveys conducted which provide biased information to support the company responsible for the survey. This clear and precise account describes how advertisements use the media for their own advantage. She repeatedly suggests the notion to ask questions about who is funding the survey, which can dramatically alter what the statement made is really saying. For example, in 1992 the New England Journal of Medicine included a report stating how "milk is a leading factor that contributes to juvenile diabetes." Strangely enough, the study was conducted by a majority of vegetarians who are against animal research. Crossen continues to provide records of how ads distort information which is not legally false. Combining two different figures, for example, can produce a statistic supporting one brand and not the other. Also, specific incidents are cited to ensure the reader that the information listed is accurate. As a result, this book is an excellent source in providing support for the topic of lies addressed to the public.


Gensler, Gary. "Testimony by Assistant Secretary for Financial Markets Gary Gensler before the Senate Democratic Task Force on Tobacco." The
Office of Public Affairs. 13 May 1998. 9 Dec. 2003
http://www.ustreas.gov/press/releases/rr2439.htm

The tobacco industry has arisen question and concern from it's beginning. Now that the media has introduced itself everywhere, there really is no escape from a company like this. Although this is really an advertising issue, I find it important to include this article here because cigarettes affect those that smoke and those that don't, and also because the government allows this product to be sold even after they know what the death toll is. This article is actually a proposal to raise prices on cigarettes, thinking that this will help keep the youth from buying products. Gary Gensler goes on to say that they even expect to lose money during this process. However, they failed to mention one thing: there is still an "ingredient" in their cigarettes which will keep the customer coming back for more, it's called nicotine. This ploy is really only about, and always has been about, the profits for the industry. He also explains that it is the customer who pays any expenses for the industry, not the industry themselves. The biggest piece of information presented here though can be found on the first page of this document. Gensler states that the U.S. tobacco industry not only gains it's profits from tobacco sales, but from other common products such as Kraft Foods, Nabisco, Loews Hotels, and more. How many of the U.S. population knew this? With such an impact on society, the public has been lied to by the tobacco industry. People who are opposed to the deathly affects of cigarette smoking may not realize that some of their money spent on food and even at a certain hotel is supporting this industry. Tobacco is not the only way they are targeting consumers, but the money coming in says to the industry that people want cigarettes, regardless of the consequences. People have a right to know who and what their money is supporting.

Greenberg, David. "Calling A Lie A Lie." EBSCO. Sep/Oct 2003. 26 Nov. 2003 http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=10715822&db=aph

When it comes time for reporters to do their job, not all will provide accurate information in their findings. Greenberg's article states how the media sometimes overlooks lies, while other lies are broadly declared. His writing asks questions and exposes the audience to the facts lying behind a report. "Personal matters" tend to be the favorite of reporters and journalists, where they can inform the public about sex scandals, and other unimportant data, while the truly significant material is overlooked. Greenberg includes recent notes pertaining to what the media chooses to relate to the public, and what they choose not to. He specifies that the presidency is highly sought after for a juicy story, but the public is extremely vulnerable to misinformation. Because this article provides a number of accounts questioning the scope of media's duty and what is actually followed through, this article is a suitable piece of evidence in regards to the ill-informed public.


"Leak Proof." EBSCO. 27 Oct. 2003. 26 Nov. 2003 http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=11074116&db=aph

Lies have played a major role in politics, especially when it comes time to notify the public. "Leak Proof," an article from National Review, looks closely at Bush's statements and how lies can even jeopardize those in high political standings. It is emphasized how the government may or may not have exposed one CIA agent because of her husband's article, but both sides are looked at respectively. In particular, this article touches up on whether or not the agent was exposed by Bush. Suggestions are also made on what the government should do to prevent future mishaps in their own groups, and what should be done to those that actually do expose vital and confidential information. Emphasis in this article is placed on Joseph Wilson, the husband of the CIA agent. Wilson wrote an article in the New York Times of him finding evidence of a uranium purchase, but Vice President Dick Cheney "ignored his findings." This article is a good source in supporting the topic of conspiracies within the government because it looks at both aspects that can be used on either side.


MacArthur, John R. "The Lies We Bought." EBSCO. May 2003. 26 Nov. 2003 http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=9848876&db=aph

According to MacArthur's "The Lies We Bought," evidence in the media has decreased in accuracy especially in political matters. Reporters easily provide to the public what "Bush administration officials" say, yet no further questioning or research is provided. One person's word is taken as fact. MacArthur looks harder at sudden quotes that arise in the headlines, specifying what Bush said. No other source is looked upon so only what the Bush administration said was printed. This shows exactly how the media no longer provides a variety of information for the public to base their decisions on. MacArthur also points out that the correct, opposing, and varying articles that are able to make their way in the papers are unfortunately pushed back to page 16. This was the case in the article by Joseph Curl stating there was no "new report" when commenting on the International Atomic Energy Agency saying a plan of the A-bomb was nearly 6 months away from completion, under Saddam. This article takes a detailed look at how media prints only what is suitable to keep their reputation intact, hence would be a great source for the topic of the many lies society is exposed to.


News Tips. National Science Foundation Office of Legislative and Public Affairs. 30 Nov. 2003 http://www.nsf.gov/od/lpa/news/tips/tip61011.htm

More than 2,000 campaign ads have undergone research, which produced startling results. From 1952 to 1992, these ads, by the University of Oklahoma concluded that voters are undeniably influenced by camera alterations. This website takes a look at various statistics and findings associated with political campaigns. Above all, the results of the study pertaining to "camera tricks" found that certain images were stretched, played faster to show energy, played slower to show a lazy pace, or even adjusted to show poor quality in footage. This article shows how campaigns will go to any means to achieve their goal: for their employer to win. Lynda Lee Kaid continued with the information she discovered about "camera tricks," and extended her knowledge by conducting her own experiment. She found that her twisted ads did indeed influence the viewer's vote. By reading this article, one gathers the immense propaganda strategies that they are subject to, whether they know it or not. The information here is presented in an obvious and understandable fashion, also leading the reader to more links that may be of value. Because of the statistics given can be related to all voters, this website is essential in impacting the topic of lies covertly fed to the public.


Semmler, Willi and Nell, Edward. "Oil and the 2003 War in Iraq." May 2003. 9 Dec. 2003 http://www.ecaar.org/Newsletter/May03/nell.htm

This article jumps right into the issue that the world faces today, and undeniably, it's future. The focus of this article is on what the U.S. government said was their reason for invading Iraq, and also why the U.S. government really invaded Iraq. According to this article, the true reason behind the government's actions was of course about the oil. The attack was at the precise moment when Saddam really couldn't do anything . . . because he posed no threat! His military, weapons, and missiles had either decreased or no longer could be used anyway. This article provides only this small amount of information so it wouldn't be good in a very in-depth research paper.


The Truth About Lies: The Public Mind. Narr. Bill Moyers. Alvin H. Perlmutter, Inc. and Public Affairs Television, Inc., 1989.

This incredible video, narrated by Bill Moyers, takes a deep and interesting look at the many lies the public endures, the history of lies, and how lies affect society. A relaxed approach is taken here, and the viewer is able to follow and understand the facts presented. This testimony provides thoughts from various professionals who express the truth behind certain events in history. Documented footage is shown of one man, John Dean, who exposes Nixon in the Watergate scandal. According to Dr. Daniel Goleman, a person is most likely to tell the truth when he or she is "about to unravel and be found out anyway," and "when insider is about to be outsider." This video additionally explores the hard facts behind the government, and emphasizes the extent of lies among political figures, amid themselves and amid the public. This is a very clear and informative piece that provides its audience with more knowledge and curiosity. Links are established between truth and emotions, which the public has suffered because of certain actions carried out. Since Bill Moyers addresses the public as a person and not a commodity, this video is among the top as a source in providing evidence showing how the government has covered up, concealed, and lied to gain more from it's position.


Truth. American Legacy Foundation. 30 Nov. 2003
http://www.thetruth.com

This website provides an excellent source of one example of a company's efforts to conceal the truth behind their ads. This website is well organized and presented in a manner that grabs the viewer's attention. Colors and navigational tools allows for easy access to different areas in the site. The American Legacy Foundation provides exact statements and evidence, particularly the facts of the contributions from tobacco companies. This includes the 1,200 deaths of Americans due to a product made by tobacco companies. Stress is made on how cigarette affects everyone by stating, "secondhand cigarette smoke kills about 53,000 Americans a year." Additionally, links are provided to .gov sites to cite where the information was gathered. This website is a strong piece regarding the tobacco industry's ability to get away with murder, and is a perfect source in revealing the truth behind one company's advertisements.


Bibliography

"Bad Science." EBSCO. 2001. 30 Nov. 2003. http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=5430960&db=aph

Crossen, Cynthia. Tainted Truth: The Manipulation of Fact in America. New
York: Simon and Schuster, 1994.

Gensler, Gary. "Testimony by Assistant Secretary for Financial Markets Gary
Gensler before the Senate Democratic Task Force on Tobacco." The
Office of Public Affairs. 13 May 1998. 9 Dec. 2003
http://www.ustreas.gov/press/releases/rr2439.htm

Greenberg, David. "Calling A Lie A Lie." EBSCO. Sep/Oct 2003. 26 Nov. 2003 http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=10715822&db=aph

"Leak Proof." EBSCO. 27 Oct. 2003. 26 Nov. 2003 http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=11074116&db=aph

MacArthur, John R. "The Lies We Bought." EBSCO. May 2003. 26 Nov. 2003 http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=9848876&db=aph

News Tips. National Science Foundation Office of Legislative and Public Affairs.
30 Nov. 2003 http://www.nsf.gov/od/lpa/news/tips/tip61011.htm

Semmler, Willi and Nell, Edward. "Oil and the 2003 War in Iraq." May 2003. 9
Dec. 2003 http://www.ecaar.org/Newsletter/May03/nell.htm

The Truth About Lies: The Public Mind. Narr. Bill Moyers. Alvin H. Perlmutter,
Inc. and Public Affairs Television, Inc., 1989.

Truth. American Legacy Foundation. 30 Nov. 2003
http://www.thetruth.com

by Alexandra Yates (c) December 2003

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