Wednesday, December 17, 2003

The Stryker Brigade is "Official"

In 2007 Hawaii should expect to see those 20-ton stryker vehicles, and comanche helicopters in 2009 according to the December 16, 2003 issue of the Honolulu Advertiser. What does this mean to Hawaiians? $693 million will be used on about 30 projects (Lum) of which I don't know where this money is coming from. In addition to this, the Advertiser states 1,400 acres will be purchased on O'ahu, and 23,000 acres will be purchased on Hawaii. We are losing our land. Here is a quote taken from James Tollefson, president of the Chamber of Commerce of Hawaii, as written in the December 16, 2003 issue of the Honolulu Star-Bulletin: "Obviously, this reinforces the importance of Hawaii as a forward base in the Pacific. It will help the U.S. respond quickly to military aggression."

Kakesako, K. Gregg. "Abercrombie Confirms Stryker Unit Coming to Isles." The Honolulu Star Bulletin. 16 Dec. 2003. http://starbulletin.com/2003/12/16/news/story1.html

Lum, Curtis. "Stryker Brigade Is Approved For Hawai'i." The Honolulu Advertiser. 16 Dec. 2003. http://the.honoluluadvertiser.com/article/2003/Dec/16/ln/ln01a.html

Friday, December 12, 2003

The Media

The media is constantly bombarding us with its statements to "buy this," "wear this," or "don't do that." Additionally, the media is hesitant to include any truth from reporters or news broadcasts. Instead of the government and advertisers presenting the public with information to base their own decision on, we are told what to do through images and specifically, lies. A lie is not only limited to the false messages advertisers give but it also includes the information that is withheld. President Bush made claims that uranium was being moved from Africa for Saddam's weapon campaign. The CIA couldn't even support this statement (National Review). On one episode of 60 Minutes, David Albright states those in charge were "selectively picking information to bolster a case that the Iraqi nuclear threat was more imminent than it is" (MacArthur). The press shuts out certain types of lies, while embracing others, to keep it's reputation intact (Greengerg). Finally, the government has even lied to itself. In 1986 when the space shuttle Challenger exploded after take-off, NASA denied accusations of knowing ahead of time the outcome if launched when in fact Roger Boisjoly, an engineer at Morton Thiokol, Inc., along with others that he worked with specifically advised not to launch (Moyers). Therefore, if the government is so readily able to lie amongst themselves, then the public is in no exception of staying out of harms way.

Annotated Bibliography

"Bad Science." EBSCO. 2001. 30 Nov. 2003.

This article from Skeptic provides a startling account of the moon landing. It points out the false accusations made by FOX's broadcasting of "Conspiracy Theory: Did We Land on the Moon?" This argument is to the point, listing claimed proofs of various hoaxes while providing answers stating otherwise. "Bad Science" not only offers reasons and explanations about the inaccuracy of the proofs made, but also includes links to see the prototypes, photos, and information of the Lunar Excursion Module. For example, this piece argues that the reason the flag moved on the moon, when there is no air present, was due to the astronauts putting the flag in the ground, also a pole was constructed at the top of the flag to produce a clean affect for the viewers. This is a great piece of work to use for a topic on public's awareness of political accomplishments because it gives a precise report on both sides of the moon landing: whether we landed or not.

Crossen, Cynthia. Tainted Truth: The Manipulation of Fact in America. New
York: Simon and Schuster, 1994.

Crossen's book, Tainted Truth, provides various examples of surveys conducted which provide biased information to support the company responsible for the survey. This clear and precise account describes how advertisements use the media for their own advantage. She repeatedly suggests the notion to ask questions about who is funding the survey, which can dramatically alter what the statement made is really saying. For example, in 1992 the New England Journal of Medicine included a report stating how "milk is a leading factor that contributes to juvenile diabetes." Strangely enough, the study was conducted by a majority of vegetarians who are against animal research. Crossen continues to provide records of how ads distort information which is not legally false. Combining two different figures, for example, can produce a statistic supporting one brand and not the other. Also, specific incidents are cited to ensure the reader that the information listed is accurate. As a result, this book is an excellent source in providing support for the topic of lies addressed to the public.

Gensler, Gary. "Testimony by Assistant Secretary for Financial Markets Gary Gensler before the Senate Democratic Task Force on Tobacco." The
Office of Public Affairs. 13 May 1998. 9 Dec. 2003

The tobacco industry has arisen question and concern from it's beginning. Now that the media has introduced itself everywhere, there really is no escape from a company like this. Although this is really an advertising issue, I find it important to include this article here because cigarettes affect those that smoke and those that don't, and also because the government allows this product to be sold even after they know what the death toll is. This article is actually a proposal to raise prices on cigarettes, thinking that this will help keep the youth from buying products. Gary Gensler goes on to say that they even expect to lose money during this process. However, they failed to mention one thing: there is still an "ingredient" in their cigarettes which will keep the customer coming back for more, it's called nicotine. This ploy is really only about, and always has been about, the profits for the industry. He also explains that it is the customer who pays any expenses for the industry, not the industry themselves. The biggest piece of information presented here though can be found on the first page of this document. Gensler states that the U.S. tobacco industry not only gains it's profits from tobacco sales, but from other common products such as Kraft Foods, Nabisco, Loews Hotels, and more. How many of the U.S. population knew this? With such an impact on society, the public has been lied to by the tobacco industry. People who are opposed to the deathly affects of cigarette smoking may not realize that some of their money spent on food and even at a certain hotel is supporting this industry. Tobacco is not the only way they are targeting consumers, but the money coming in says to the industry that people want cigarettes, regardless of the consequences. People have a right to know who and what their money is supporting.

Greenberg, David. "Calling A Lie A Lie." EBSCO. Sep/Oct 2003. 26 Nov. 2003 http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=10715822&db=aph

When it comes time for reporters to do their job, not all will provide accurate information in their findings. Greenberg's article states how the media sometimes overlooks lies, while other lies are broadly declared. His writing asks questions and exposes the audience to the facts lying behind a report. "Personal matters" tend to be the favorite of reporters and journalists, where they can inform the public about sex scandals, and other unimportant data, while the truly significant material is overlooked. Greenberg includes recent notes pertaining to what the media chooses to relate to the public, and what they choose not to. He specifies that the presidency is highly sought after for a juicy story, but the public is extremely vulnerable to misinformation. Because this article provides a number of accounts questioning the scope of media's duty and what is actually followed through, this article is a suitable piece of evidence in regards to the ill-informed public.

"Leak Proof." EBSCO. 27 Oct. 2003. 26 Nov. 2003 http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=11074116&db=aph

Lies have played a major role in politics, especially when it comes time to notify the public. "Leak Proof," an article from National Review, looks closely at Bush's statements and how lies can even jeopardize those in high political standings. It is emphasized how the government may or may not have exposed one CIA agent because of her husband's article, but both sides are looked at respectively. In particular, this article touches up on whether or not the agent was exposed by Bush. Suggestions are also made on what the government should do to prevent future mishaps in their own groups, and what should be done to those that actually do expose vital and confidential information. Emphasis in this article is placed on Joseph Wilson, the husband of the CIA agent. Wilson wrote an article in the New York Times of him finding evidence of a uranium purchase, but Vice President Dick Cheney "ignored his findings." This article is a good source in supporting the topic of conspiracies within the government because it looks at both aspects that can be used on either side.

MacArthur, John R. "The Lies We Bought." EBSCO. May 2003. 26 Nov. 2003 http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=9848876&db=aph

According to MacArthur's "The Lies We Bought," evidence in the media has decreased in accuracy especially in political matters. Reporters easily provide to the public what "Bush administration officials" say, yet no further questioning or research is provided. One person's word is taken as fact. MacArthur looks harder at sudden quotes that arise in the headlines, specifying what Bush said. No other source is looked upon so only what the Bush administration said was printed. This shows exactly how the media no longer provides a variety of information for the public to base their decisions on. MacArthur also points out that the correct, opposing, and varying articles that are able to make their way in the papers are unfortunately pushed back to page 16. This was the case in the article by Joseph Curl stating there was no "new report" when commenting on the International Atomic Energy Agency saying a plan of the A-bomb was nearly 6 months away from completion, under Saddam. This article takes a detailed look at how media prints only what is suitable to keep their reputation intact, hence would be a great source for the topic of the many lies society is exposed to.

News Tips. National Science Foundation Office of Legislative and Public Affairs. 30 Nov. 2003 http://www.nsf.gov/od/lpa/news/tips/tip61011.htm

More than 2,000 campaign ads have undergone research, which produced startling results. From 1952 to 1992, these ads, by the University of Oklahoma concluded that voters are undeniably influenced by camera alterations. This website takes a look at various statistics and findings associated with political campaigns. Above all, the results of the study pertaining to "camera tricks" found that certain images were stretched, played faster to show energy, played slower to show a lazy pace, or even adjusted to show poor quality in footage. This article shows how campaigns will go to any means to achieve their goal: for their employer to win. Lynda Lee Kaid continued with the information she discovered about "camera tricks," and extended her knowledge by conducting her own experiment. She found that her twisted ads did indeed influence the viewer's vote. By reading this article, one gathers the immense propaganda strategies that they are subject to, whether they know it or not. The information here is presented in an obvious and understandable fashion, also leading the reader to more links that may be of value. Because of the statistics given can be related to all voters, this website is essential in impacting the topic of lies covertly fed to the public.

Semmler, Willi and Nell, Edward. "Oil and the 2003 War in Iraq." May 2003. 9 Dec. 2003 http://www.ecaar.org/Newsletter/May03/nell.htm

This article jumps right into the issue that the world faces today, and undeniably, it's future. The focus of this article is on what the U.S. government said was their reason for invading Iraq, and also why the U.S. government really invaded Iraq. According to this article, the true reason behind the government's actions was of course about the oil. The attack was at the precise moment when Saddam really couldn't do anything . . . because he posed no threat! His military, weapons, and missiles had either decreased or no longer could be used anyway. This article provides only this small amount of information so it wouldn't be good in a very in-depth research paper.

The Truth About Lies: The Public Mind. Narr. Bill Moyers. Alvin H. Perlmutter, Inc. and Public Affairs Television, Inc., 1989.

This incredible video, narrated by Bill Moyers, takes a deep and interesting look at the many lies the public endures, the history of lies, and how lies affect society. A relaxed approach is taken here, and the viewer is able to follow and understand the facts presented. This testimony provides thoughts from various professionals who express the truth behind certain events in history. Documented footage is shown of one man, John Dean, who exposes Nixon in the Watergate scandal. According to Dr. Daniel Goleman, a person is most likely to tell the truth when he or she is "about to unravel and be found out anyway," and "when insider is about to be outsider." This video additionally explores the hard facts behind the government, and emphasizes the extent of lies among political figures, amid themselves and amid the public. This is a very clear and informative piece that provides its audience with more knowledge and curiosity. Links are established between truth and emotions, which the public has suffered because of certain actions carried out. Since Bill Moyers addresses the public as a person and not a commodity, this video is among the top as a source in providing evidence showing how the government has covered up, concealed, and lied to gain more from it's position.

Truth. American Legacy Foundation. 30 Nov. 2003

This website provides an excellent source of one example of a company's efforts to conceal the truth behind their ads. This website is well organized and presented in a manner that grabs the viewer's attention. Colors and navigational tools allows for easy access to different areas in the site. The American Legacy Foundation provides exact statements and evidence, particularly the facts of the contributions from tobacco companies. This includes the 1,200 deaths of Americans due to a product made by tobacco companies. Stress is made on how cigarette affects everyone by stating, "secondhand cigarette smoke kills about 53,000 Americans a year." Additionally, links are provided to .gov sites to cite where the information was gathered. This website is a strong piece regarding the tobacco industry's ability to get away with murder, and is a perfect source in revealing the truth behind one company's advertisements.


"Bad Science." EBSCO. 2001. 30 Nov. 2003. http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=5430960&db=aph

Crossen, Cynthia. Tainted Truth: The Manipulation of Fact in America. New
York: Simon and Schuster, 1994.

Gensler, Gary. "Testimony by Assistant Secretary for Financial Markets Gary
Gensler before the Senate Democratic Task Force on Tobacco." The
Office of Public Affairs. 13 May 1998. 9 Dec. 2003

Greenberg, David. "Calling A Lie A Lie." EBSCO. Sep/Oct 2003. 26 Nov. 2003 http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=10715822&db=aph

"Leak Proof." EBSCO. 27 Oct. 2003. 26 Nov. 2003 http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=11074116&db=aph

MacArthur, John R. "The Lies We Bought." EBSCO. May 2003. 26 Nov. 2003 http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=9848876&db=aph

News Tips. National Science Foundation Office of Legislative and Public Affairs.
30 Nov. 2003 http://www.nsf.gov/od/lpa/news/tips/tip61011.htm

Semmler, Willi and Nell, Edward. "Oil and the 2003 War in Iraq." May 2003. 9
Dec. 2003 http://www.ecaar.org/Newsletter/May03/nell.htm

The Truth About Lies: The Public Mind. Narr. Bill Moyers. Alvin H. Perlmutter,
Inc. and Public Affairs Television, Inc., 1989.

Truth. American Legacy Foundation. 30 Nov. 2003

by Alexandra Yates (c) December 2003

Wednesday, November 26, 2003

What is Global Warming?

*Carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping pollution -- mainly from cars, power plants and other industrial sources that burn gasoline, coal and other fossil fuels -- that collects like a blanket in the atmosphere. As a result, the planet is getting warmer.

*Scientists say that unless global warming emissions are reduced, average U.S. temperatures could be 3 to 9 degrees higher by the end of the century.

*With only 4 percent of the world's population, the US produces 25 percent of the carbon dioxide pollution. Today, the United States pumps more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere than any other country in the world. Each of us contributes about 22 tons of carbon dioxide emissions per year, whereas the world average per capita is about 6 tons.

*Refrigerators consume the most electricity in the home.

*Power plants are the largest U.S. source of global warming pollution, producing 2.5 billion tons of heat-trapping pollution every year.

*Automobiles are the second-largest U.S. source of heat-trapping pollution, pumping 1.4 billions tons into the atmosphere each year.

*Scientists say that unless global warming emissions are reduced, average U.S. temperatures could rise another 3 to 9 degrees by the end of the century

*Average temperatures will rise, as will the frequency of heat waves.

*Warmer temperatures could also increase the probability of drought. Greater evaporation, particularly during summer and fall, could exacerbate drought conditions and increase the risk of wildfires.

*Warmer temperatures increase the energy of the climatic system and lead to more intense rainfall at some times and in some areas.

*More frequent and more intensive heat waves could result in more heat-related deaths, resulting in conditions that could also aggravate local air quality problems, already afflicting more than 80 million Americans.

*Global warming is expected to increase the potential geographic range and virulence of tropical diseases.

*Rising global temperatures will speed the melting of glaciers and ice caps, and cause early ice thaw on rivers and lakes.

How to STOP Global Warming

*A car that gets 20 miles per gallon will emit about 50 tons of carbon dioxide over its lifetime and Acar getting 40 mpg will emit half that much.

*A 40-mpg car will save roughly $3,000 in fuel costs compared with a 20-mpg car.

*If all Americans kept their tires properly inflated (and a government study shows that many don't), gasoline use nationwide would come down 2 percent.

*Look for the Energy Star label, which identifies the most efficient appliances.

*Compact fluorescents last 10 times longer than the incandescent bulbs. What's more, a compact fluorescent will lower your energy bills by about $15 a year, and by more than $60 during its life. It will also keep half a ton of carbon dioxide out of the air.

*If you live in a state where you can choose your electricity supplier, pick a company that generates at least half its power from wind, solar energy and other clean sources. Even if you don't have the option to select a supplier, you may still be able to support renewable energy through an option on your electricity bill.

*Hybrid gas-electric engines can cut global warming pollution by one-third or more; Honda and Toyota have hybrid models on the market today, and wagon, minivan and SUV models will be available within a year or two from a number of automakers.

*If you live in a sunny climate, install a solar thermal system to help provide your hot water. You'll reduce your home's carbon dioxide emissions by 720 pounds a year. Consider installing a solar photovoltaic system to generate electricity.

*Carpool: Leaving your car at home just two days a week will reduce your carbon dioxide emissions by 1,590 pounds per year.

*The potential carbon dioxide reduction for a car that gets 32 miles per gallon is 5,600 pounds per year.

*Recycle aluminum cans, glass bottles, plastic, cardboard, and newspapers. Recycling can reduce your home's carbon dioxide emissions by 850 pounds per year.

*Buy food and other products with reusable or recyclable packaging, or reduced packaging, to save the energy required to manufacture new containers. This simple action could reduce your emissions by 230 pounds a year.

*Use recycled paper for your computer printer.

More information can be found at: Natural Resources Defense Council
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Thursday, November 20, 2003

The Petition
The petition below can be signed by anyone who is a U.S. citizen. Remember, this is a national defense issue, not just a state one. If you feel inspired please make a copy of the petition and get some signatures, then send it to the address at the bottom as soon as possible. Malu 'Aina will be collecting all of these signatures which will then be sent all together to the military by January 3rd so get them in early!
To U.S. Military and public officials:

We, the undersigned, oppose the further build up and desecration of Hawaiian lands by U.S. military forces in Hawai`i, including plans for "Army Transformation." This “transformation” means additional troops, equipment, aircraft, training, and military land acquisition on Oahu and Hawai`i Island. We believe it is time for the military to clean up, not build up. Clean up should include the 123,000-acre former Waikoloa Maneuver Area, the 108,000-acre Pohakuloa Training Area, and Kawaihae Harbor area on Hawaii Island, the entire island of Kaho`olawe, Makua Valley on Oahu, and other areas where the military has left unexploded ordnance or toxins. The U.S. military presently controls over 22% of Oahu and 5% of all lands in the Hawaiian Islands.

Name (please print and sign)

Address (include zip)












Please return to: Malu `Aina P.O. Box AB Kurtistown, HI 96760. Phone 808-966-7622. fax: same as phone but call first. Email ja@interpac. net www.malu-aina.org

Desecration of The Big Island
The following link will give you a visual idea as to what the U.S. military has ALREADY done to the Big Island:
Military Installations - Big Island

Wednesday, November 19, 2003

Stryker Brigade In Hawaii
Unless there are enough, letters, votes, and voices heard, 291 strykers will be brought in to Oahu and Hawaii causing much change. As if the government didn't have enough Hawaiian lands already, they want to take more. If it all goes through, the U.S. government will be bringing in "810 soldiers, 291 strykers, and 55 other support vehicles" plus "weapons 105mm Howitzer cannon and 120mm mortar" for training. This doesn't even include all of the road changes and additional "training facilities" that will be created and or adjusted to suit the army, costing about $693 million! I can picture it already . . . Isn't this what happened before Queen Liliuokalani was overthrown? Just a friendly gesture from the American government to the Hawaiians. The following can be accessed to voice your comments, which will continue until January 3rd:
Public Comments
You can also learn more about the "Stryker Brigade Combat Team" here:
25th Infantry Division and United States Army, Hawaii

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